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Sri Rudram
September 25th, 2010 by Ram

“RUDRA” is one of the names of Lord Siva, the word overtly means anger or fury. However One can understand the subtle meaning of this word ‘Rudram’ by looking at its etymology. Rudram is derived from two words – ‘Rud’ and ‘Ra’. ‘Rud’ means dukham (sorrow) or paapam (sin, demerit). ‘Rud’ also means the cause of sorrows or sins. What is the cause of sorrow or sin? It is agnyanam (ignorance). ‘Ra’ means eliminator. So Rudram means eliminator of sorrows and sins. Lord Siva get the name Rudra because he removes sorrows and sins and also the cause of those which is ignorance. Sri Rudram talks about the glory of Siva.“ Sri Rudram is a vedic hymn describing Lord Siva’s several aspects, viz. His omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence etc.

Sri Rudram finds a place as the 4th Prashna in the 4th Khanda of Krishna Yajur Samhita. It is a Maha Mantra. It consists of 164 mantras. Their recital for a stipulated time yields good results and wards off all bad happenings. It is said that regular chanting of it leads to Jnana. The Kaivalyopanishad also echoes this fact. The Anusasanika Parva of Mahabharata mentions that Lord Krishna recited it several times and explained its great power and efficacy.

Rudram has got two portions called Namakkam and Chamakkam each containing eleven chapters or Anuvakams. Most of the chapters in the first portion end with the letter namaha or namo namaha while the ending letter of the second portion is “cha me”….

There are two important and well known Mantras in Sri Rudram. Panchakshari Mantra and Mrithunjaya Mantra.

Panchakshari Mantra: The essence of this mantra can be found in the middle portion – namasivaya, i.e., Siva. (In fact, Siva occurs not only in the middle of Panchakshari mantra but also in the middle of Sri Rudram itself). ‘Nama’ means salutations. ‘Siva’ means auspiciousness. Siva, the name is considered to be the most auspicious. The meaning of the mantra is – ‘The one who eliminates all inauspiciousness, to that auspicious one, I offer my prostrations’.

The Panchakshari mantra is also known as saranagati mantra. Saranagati means surrender. We surrender to the Lord. This means we surrender to the order of the law of the Lord – the universal law of dharma and the universal law of karma.

Mrithunjaya Mantra: The Mrithunjaya mantra is a beautiful, ‘all-comprehensive’ mantra chanting which we get all the four purushaartas. It is like obtaining four mangoes with one stone. (The four purushaartas or objectives of life are dharma, artha, kama and moksha meaning righteousness, wealth, desire and liberation). Three beautiful descriptions of Lord Siva are given in this mantra: Pushtivardhanam, Sugandhi and Thryambaka.

Pushtivardhanam: Pushti means material benefits. In the beginning stages of life, we all seek material benefits – artha and kama. First and foremost we want security in terms of food, clothing and shelter. Once these basic needs are taken care of, we want some comforts. . After artha we look forward to kama. Artha and kama together is called pushti. So Rudram says if you are interested in basic needs and material benefits, come to me.

Sugandhi: After artha and kama comes dharma. Sugandhi means fragrance. Lord Siva is Sugandhi, the fragrant one. Here fragrance does not mean physical fragrance like that of perfume. The real fragrance of a person is his character. While the fragrance of perfume spreads a few feet, fragrance in the form of noble character spreads all around.

Thryambaka: Thryambaka means one who has three eyes. We all know that Lord Siva is supposed to have three eyes. Various interpretations are given for this. When Lord Siva is considered in the vishwaroopa (universal) form, the three eyes are the sun, moon and fire. These three are chosen because they are the illuminators of the world. During daytime the sun is the illuminator, during nighttime the moon is the illuminator and in the olden days, during new moon days, fire was used for illumination in the night.

In the second interpretation, two eyes are material eyes through which we experience the material world. The third eye represents atma gnana (knowledge of the atma or self) through which we can ‘see’ the higher reality. A third interpretation says one becomes a gunathita by worshipping Lord Shiva.

Having understood the greateness of Rudram, lets now enjoy listening to this superb mantra. We express our sincere thanks to Ramesh Krishnakumar for his English translation of the mesmerising chanting rendered by Vedic Priests of India.

Here’s the text in Tamil.
Sri Rudram in Tamil (PDF)” This contains Rudram, Chamakam, Purusha Suktam, Narayana Suktam, Durga Suktam & Shanti mantra.

References for the text:
1. Lectures by Swami Paramarthananda.
2. ‘Efficacy of Chanting Sri Rudram’ by Swami Abhedananda.

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31 Responses  
  • R Saraswathan writes:
    September 25th, 2010 at 2:24 pm

    I am extremely grateful for this immediate response and your kind action in providing both the Chant as well as Tamil transcript. Everyday when I chant Rudram I shall remember you and seek HIS blessings for you. With warm Regards

  • Mohan writes:
    September 27th, 2010 at 8:52 am

    I don’t think one can chat some of the mantras whenever they feel like. there are restriction around it too. would be glad if you could include that info too in your posts :)

  • arpana writes:
    September 27th, 2010 at 6:17 pm

    I would like to know the exact way to chant and get complete benefit.what I know that it should be done in some precise way.

  • Murali Krishnan writes:
    October 2nd, 2010 at 6:07 pm

    Quite an eye opening post. Thanks for sharing.

  • Sharmalan Thevar writes:
    October 4th, 2010 at 8:54 am

    Thank you for sharing this. It will be helpful for many people who wish to learn the Sri Rudram. I am grateful for what you have done for us.

  • Jayasankar Narayanan writes:
    March 1st, 2011 at 1:02 pm

    Swami Sharanam

    Is there any text in malayalam of Sri Rudram (PDF)” which contains Rudram, Chamakam, Purusha Suktam, Narayana Suktam, Durga Suktam & Shanti mantra.

    Plz let me know

    Jayasankar

  • Prabhakar writes:
    May 4th, 2011 at 1:45 pm

    Sir,

    I want to know the immediate benefits in chanting ‘Sreerudram’. If I chant every day, is there any benefit. At present i am some debts and I want clear off them forever. Is it possible if I chant every day.

    Please help on the above lines.

    An early response is solicited.

    Regards,
    P B Prabhakar.

  • raman ravi shankar writes:
    May 8th, 2011 at 8:28 am

    daily chanting of sri rudhram after having a bath gives me more pleasure and peace, try it out

  • Ramaswamy Subramanian writes:
    August 4th, 2011 at 9:04 am

    Moving from just playing to learning to chant Rudram. Wonderful rendering. Thanks to all.

  • mangai writes:
    August 31st, 2011 at 4:30 pm

    I am very greatful to have rudra samagam in tamil tamil transcript.thank you very much.

  • Karthik writes:
    September 15th, 2011 at 6:24 pm

    If not daily, try to chant once in the week atleast. This is a very powerful mantra. Best time is to chant in dawn (after taking bath) or during the dusk. Feel the mantra when you are saying it. This will give you more energy and vibration.

  • Chandrasekharan D writes:
    October 13th, 2011 at 12:20 pm

    Thank you for providing these kinds of mantras online. This will really help the people who are away from India. Also those who are regular in their spiritual duties will find it useful.

    Nothing can equate Rudram. Who am I to comment on this most poweful mantram.

  • Ravichander Redy writes:
    October 14th, 2011 at 7:27 am

    Hello sir / madam

    I need rudra mantra for chanting please do provide morover i fed of searching thank you in advance

    Regards
    Ravi

  • R Mythili writes:
    November 22nd, 2011 at 12:49 pm

    Thank you so much now I am able to learn Rudram coz of this tamil pdf

  • saroja writes:
    November 25th, 2011 at 10:01 am

    vanakkam, i need sri rudram mantras in tamil lyrics for chanting.thanks.

  • Lokeshwari writes:
    December 7th, 2011 at 9:28 am

    Kindly suggest me the the 11 adhyayas of praising Lord Rudra; i need the Audio or Audio/ Video CD of the same.

    Please Suggest !!

  • srinivasan writes:
    December 29th, 2011 at 12:28 pm

    Dear Sir, i have already purchased SRI RUDRAM CD , SO Could you send the PDF file tamil version for the above email address. Thanks .

    • Sowmya writes:
      December 29th, 2011 at 3:28 pm

      Dear Srinivasan, you would be able to save/ print the PDF file by clicking the link given in this post itself.

      Kind Regards

      Sowmya

  • Manickavasagam writes:
    January 11th, 2012 at 4:13 pm

    Nandri, this is awesome .

  • prakasam writes:
    January 25th, 2012 at 4:45 pm

    Dear sir,
    Sri Rudram chanting not only clean our heart and mind ,it also clean our Soul.
    As per the direction of Shri Veerabhadra Anjaneya Swamiji of Belagur (Hosadurga taluk, chitradurga District ,Karnataka state) KOTI RUDRA PARAYAN YAGNAM is arranged for the welfare of all the people.Those who are interested to do this parayana and participate in this holy act may please contact the following numbers for further details” Shri Manjunath bhat bangalore :9480180140,Shri Ragunatha sharma , Mysore : 9480444695,Shri Keshava Dikshitar, bangalore :9448562437, Shri Kuamr Puranik ,Gokarna :08386256667
    In our area , Sahakarangar Bangalore Our satsangha friends are daily doing the parayana .

  • srikrishna aggithaya kanhangad writes:
    March 15th, 2012 at 8:38 am

    thanks a lot for uploading RUDRAM,a rare GIFT to hear such an EFFECTIVE MANTRA to all

  • mukesh solanki writes:
    April 26th, 2012 at 12:02 pm

    All ur chanta & mantrae are awesomely good. with pure pronounciation the mantras create terrific effect, both physically& mentally. if possible upload more chants & mantras w/o any break.
    NamahShivaya
    mukesh.

  • R Balakrishnan writes:
    June 14th, 2012 at 4:29 pm

    I sincerely thank the concerned for having uploaded the rudram which I desired to understand, hear and follow for quite some time. I wish and pray lord shiva to bestow his ashirvads to the entire group

  • GHATAM SURESH writes:
    July 3rd, 2012 at 7:25 am
  • Sridhar Kalyan writes:
    August 17th, 2012 at 7:35 am

    Namaskarams, I cannnot thank you enough for this post and the pdf file; I am in Singapore briefly and learnt that a Maha Rudra Yaga festival had been arranged. While wondering how to join in the recitals, I found your document handy – and hope to join the celebrations.

    I also wanted to share what I learnt here, with other devotees: ” Rudram if chanted for 11 times is known as Rudra Ekadasi or Rudraikadasani. 11 Rudra Ekadasi’s make one Lagu Rudram. 11 Lagu Rudrams or 121 Rudra Ekadasi’s make a MAHA RUDRAM ”

    Om Nama Shivaya:

  • vishnu sai menon writes:
    October 30th, 2012 at 5:13 pm

    Jai shivam,
    i need lyrics of rudram and chamakam.. plz let me know if u have a copy in english!!!

  • Girija writes:
    December 16th, 2012 at 4:55 am

    Hi, thank you very much for this beautiful video and post. If you know of any sites or a down load where the lyrics are available in Malayalam and also where I can find a similar rendering of Rudram – Chamakam also, please do share the same with me either in the email given or on line here as a response. Thank you once again for this enriching post .

  • N.KUMAR writes:
    January 31st, 2013 at 7:33 am

    I am sastrigal son and I know Rudram, Chamakam etc to chant.
    I want perform Ganapathi Homan in my house every month.
    Can U pls help me by way of sending the mantras by way of attachment.

  • sundhar writes:
    March 11th, 2013 at 5:40 am

    what is shiv rudra mantram and where and when should we use…..is there any do’s and dont’s in that?

  • Vickram Subramanian writes:
    April 22nd, 2013 at 8:52 pm

    Hi,

    Can you please provide the same in Sanskrit (devanagiri)

  • Sasikumar Devabalan writes:
    March 1st, 2014 at 6:42 am

    OM NAMAH SHIVAYA

    Dear Sir,

    I would like to learn “SRI RUDRAM”; I also downloaded tamil lyrics.
    But the wordings are so tough for me;
    please give your valuable advice for learning this SRI RUDRAM either by myself or by any sanscrit teacher.

    Awaiting for your reply.


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